What Is Asthma and How We Can Help
Asthma is a long terms chronic lung disorder that narrows and inflames the airways. It is usually characterized by the recurring bouts of chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath and coughing. The coughing usually occurs during the early hours of the morning or at night.
Symptoms of Asthma
There are three main symptoms of asthma
Airway obstruction: The bands of the muscle that surround the passageways are relaxed during normal process of breathing. However, those suffering from asthma have tightened bands of muscle around their passageways that constrict the passage of air. Lack of oxygen, causes the person to feel a sensation of short breathlessness. The in and out moving of air through the tightened surfaces causes the whistling noise that is known as wheezing.
Inflammation: Those people who have contracted asthma possess swollen and red bronchial tubes. The process of inflammation is believed to cause a permanent damage to the lungs. Therefore, it is imperative to treat this inflammation as a part of managing the spread of asthma in the future.
Airway irritability: The passageways of the people suffering from asthma are very sensitive. Slight triggers such as pollen, dust, fumes, and animal dander can cause the passageways to narrow and overreact.
Causes of asthma
Asthma can be caused by any of the following methods:
- Infections like colds, sinuses, and flu.
- Allergens like pet dander, dust mites, mold spores, and pollens.
- Irritants that is released from perfumes, strong odors, air pollution, and cleaning solutions
- Cigarette smoke
- Asthma induced exercise
- Weather changes and sudden humidity
- Medicines like aspirin
- Treatment for asthma
We prescribe either long term controlling medicines or quick control medicines to people with asthma. Obesity, acid reflex, depression, stress, and obstructive sleep apnea can cause asthma. Controlling these can lead to prevention of asthma. The effective treatment to prevent asthma is being able to identify the causes effectively. Our allergists use drug therapies and develop action plans for emergency severe attacks. We suggest using a peak flow meter in order to monitor the asthma. The peak flow meter is a small handheld device that allows the user to measure the amount of air that is being pushed out of the lungs. If the quantity of the airflow is very low, then our allergists may suggest changes and variations in the course of treatment. This can include behavioral changes or changes in the asthma plan. We provide two types of immunotherapy. The allergy shots therapy, in which the allergy shots are given to alleviate symptoms of the allergy, and the sublingual tablets that is administered several months before the allergy season to prevent allergies.