IVIG Treatment for Immune System Disorders
IVIG stands for intravenous immunoglobulin. Immunoglobulin is a special of blend of proteins made in the blood of healthy individuals. They act as antibodies to protect our bodies from pathogens that would otherwise cause harm if left unchecked. Each antibody is formed to battle a specific pathogen and they are formed when the immune system interacts with the pathogens.
Some people have strong immune systems and they are better at producing antibodies than others. To help those that are not able to produce those antibodies they can donate their blood to help those who need it. The immunoglobulin from a healthy donor can be extracted and given to patients who need them directly into their bloodstream. These transfers of healthy antibodies are called intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG).
How is an IVIG Made
Intravenous immunoglobulin is developed from human plasma.
The plasma is extracted from the blood of healthy donors which is then pooled and treated to separate the immune globulin and eliminate any pathogens that might still be in the blood. This produces a pure globulin that is then packaged for administration.
How an IVIG Works
Organic bodies rely on antibodies to defend them from harmful pathogens. Unfortunately for some there are medical conditions that cause the immune system to malfunction and attack healthy cells in the body as well as pathogens. IVIG is designed to help such people by transfusing healthy antibodies to regulate the recipient’s immune system. IVIG also helps to treat conditions where a patient’s immune system cannot produce the antibodies needed to fight off infections that they would otherwise have been able to deal with easily.
Careful Use of IVIG
The availability of IVIGs is something that most hospitals struggle with. This is because they are dependent on healthy donors and the limited stock that they have is being used to treat an ever-increasing range of maladies which causes a strain on the available stocks. Therefore they must be used only as advised by doctors and only if they are really needed. For this reason they are only available with prescriptions.
As with any drug IVIGs come with some side-effects. These include headaches, rashes, nausea and in allergic reactions in rare cases. They tend to be rare and if administered in low doses they are managed by reducing the dosage. Careful administration of IVIGs is the best way to minimize the side effects and risks that are associated with them.
If you develop any of these side effects then your doctor should be able to provide you with solutions to fix the problem.